Solar power plant is based on the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaic (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP). Concentrated solar power systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. Photovoltaic converts light into electric current using the photoelectric effect.

Main Components of the Solar PV Power Generating System
• Solar PV Array of required capacity to generate power
• Solar Charge Controller Unit to regulate the power
• A Battery Bank to store the power (not required for solar pumps)
• High efficient power inverter to convert the DC to AC for powering conventional loads